Alloy steels can be used in various applications because several different patterns of alloys accomplish various properties. However, with such a variety of alloying elements and combinations available, selecting an alloy steel grade may be difficult.
Once you’ve determined your objective, you’ll have to find out which alloy is ideal for your requirement and justify your decision. Numerous factors have to be considered when selecting an alloy, and they are not always equally weighted.
Manufacturers are conscious that each metal alloy has distinct features that must be analyzed against one another when selecting an alloy for your product.
The primary factors that are frequently considered are the following:
- Physical Characteristics
- Mechanical Characteristics
- Surface Features
Of course, how each of them ranks will differ depending on the project and application.
1. Physical Characteristics in Alloy Steel:
If you’re searching for something that will be exposed to water, we recommend looking into a corrosion-resistant alloy. If the final application is within the aerospace area, it may be worth considering how the alloy performs at high and low temperatures; therefore, a nickel alloy can be the best option. If this is a consumer product, the different finishing options are worthwhile; you have it to consider.
Depending on its content and how an alloy was processed, the mechanical characteristics can vary considerably. Mechanical qualities such as strength, ductility, hardness, and toughness are frequently examined. Certain applications require a harder material, whereas others may demand a softer material due to the amount of shaping required. All of this may be controlled throughout the rolling and annealing processes. Working closely with engineers and personnel in metallurgy is a useful resource to acquire the alloy you need.
3. Price of Alloy Steel Grades:
Different alloys contain varying amounts of different elements, are processed differently. At the same time, a certain Alloy Steel is less costly as raw material if its longevity is just 1/3 that of an alternate option. Will cash or time be saved with much more expensive and more suitable options in the long term? These are only a few factors when you have it considering cost as a long-term factor.
4. Service Provided:
This consideration in alloy selection contributes to some of the points raised in the Cost section. Certain variables, such as temperature or other environmental considerations, might impact how long a product lasts before having service. Selecting the right alloy for the product should increase the time length between services or increase the lifespan.
5. Fabrication of Alloy Steel:
Developing and manufacturing this part is where the suitable fabrication decision comes into play. Your part may have to be deeply drawn, and therefore we should consider an alloy with a high nickel concentration, like 305 Stainless Steel. If a part requires stretch form or welding, we can recommend a suitable alloy, like 316L stainless steel. After the welding process, SS 316L is resistant to the corrosive environment.
6. Surface Features:
This category includes a variety of features. All of these factors contribute to alloy selection that is appropriate for your process and part. In addition, various types of surface features, like appearance, durability, and a coating or finish, are valued differently by manufacturers depending on the final use of a product.
Selecting the appropriate alloy is crucial to the success of the finished product. When doing so, you have to consider all six factors mentioned. Certain applications may prioritize fabrication and mechanical qualities more than others, while others may place a higher value on price and service. It all varies, and Bhavya steel is available to assist in making suggestions as required.